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nextcloud-talk-high-performance-backend

Nextcloud - janus, signaling, coturn

Using Gitlab Omnibus shipped Redis?

Try to login sudo -u www-data redis-cli -s /var/opt/gitlab/redis/redis.socket. Not working, huh? Add webserver user www-data to git and gitlab-redis groups.

sudo usermod -aG git www-data

Now www-data can connect to redis. But this will be reset after gitlab-ctl reconfigure

Settings

  • <hashKey> - openssl rand -hex 16
  • <blockKey> - openssl rand -hex 16
  • <SharedSecret> - used in Nextcloud Talk settings “Shared Secret” and - openssl rand -hex 16
  • <apiKey> - janus.jcfg turn_rest_api_key and server.conf → [turn] → apikey - openssl rand -base64 16
  • <ipAddress> - IP Address of your server
  • <signalingPort> - Listen port for signaling Server
  • <NextcloudDomain> - Domain of your Nextcloud instance
  • <coturnSecret> - used in server.conf and turnserver.conf - openssl rand -hex 32
  • <coturnDomain> - Domain running coturn including protocol (https!!)
  • <coturnPort> - Port used for turn/stun server

NATS Server

Run NATS server using docker

docker run --restart=always --name=NATSSERVER -d -p 4222:4222 -ti --restart=always nats:latest

Configs

/etc/signaling/server.conf
[http]
listen = 127.0.0.1:<signalingPort>
 
[app]
debug = true
 
[sessions]
hashkey = <hashKey>
blockkey = <blockKey>
 
[backend]
backends = backend-1
allowall = false # Needs to be false
timeout = 10
connectionsperhost = 8
 
[backend-1]
url = <NextcloudDomain>
secret = <SharedSecret>
 
[nats]
url = nats://localhost:4222
 
[mcu]
type = janus
url = ws://0.0.0.0:8188 # Due to some security issue required
 
[turn]
apikey = <apiKey>
secret = <coturnSecret>
servers = turn:<ipAddress>:<coturnPort>?transport=udp,turn:<ipAddress>:<coturnPort>?transport=tcp
/etc/turnserver.conf
# TURN listener port for UDP and TCP (Default: 3478).
# Note: actually, TLS & DTLS sessions can connect to the 
# "plain" TCP & UDP port(s), too - if allowed by configuration.
#
listening-port=<coturnPort>
 
# TURN listener port for TLS (Default: 5349).
# Note: actually, "plain" TCP & UDP sessions can connect to the TLS & DTLS
# port(s), too - if allowed by configuration. The TURN server 
# "automatically" recognizes the type of traffic. Actually, two listening
# endpoints (the "plain" one and the "tls" one) are equivalent in terms of
# functionality; but we keep both endpoints to satisfy the RFC 5766 specs.
# For secure TCP connections, we currently support SSL version 3 and 
# TLS version 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2.
# For secure UDP connections, we support DTLS version 1.
#
tls-listening-port=<coturnPort>
 
# Listener IP address of relay server. Multiple listeners can be specified.
# If no IP(s) specified in the config file or in the command line options, 
# then all IPv4 and IPv6 system IPs will be used for listening.
#
listening-ip=<ipAddress>
 
# Uncomment to use fingerprints in the TURN messages.
# By default the fingerprints are off.
#
fingerprint
 
# Uncomment to use long-term credential mechanism.
# By default no credentials mechanism is used (any user allowed).
#
lt-cred-mech
 
# TURN REST API flag.
# Flag that sets a special authorization option that is based upon authentication secret.
# This feature can be used with the long-term authentication mechanism, only.
# This feature purpose is to support "TURN Server REST API", see
# "TURN REST API" link in the project's page 
# https://github.com/coturn/coturn/
#
# This option is used with timestamp:
# 
# usercombo -> "timestamp:userid"
# turn user -> usercombo
# turn password -> base64(hmac(secret key, usercombo))
#
# This allows TURN credentials to be accounted for a specific user id.
# If you don't have a suitable id, the timestamp alone can be used.
# This option is just turning on secret-based authentication.
# The actual value of the secret is defined either by option static-auth-secret,
# or can be found in the turn_secret table in the database (see below).
# 
use-auth-secret
 
# 'Static' authentication secret value (a string) for TURN REST API only. 
# If not set, then the turn server
# will try to use the 'dynamic' value in turn_secret table
# in user database (if present). The database-stored  value can be changed on-the-fly
# by a separate program, so this is why that other mode is 'dynamic'.
#
static-auth-secret=<coturnSecret>
 
# PostgreSQL database connection string in the case that we are using PostgreSQL
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# See http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.4/static/libpq-connect.html for 8.x PostgreSQL
# versions connection string format, see 
# http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.2/static/libpq-connect.html#LIBPQ-CONNSTRING
# for 9.x and newer connection string formats.
#
#psql-userdb="host=<host> dbname=<database-name> user=<database-user> password=<database-user-password> connect_timeout=30"
 
# MySQL database connection string in the case that we are using MySQL
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API.
#
# Optional connection string parameters for the secure communications (SSL): 
# ca, capath, cert, key, cipher 
# (see http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/ssl-options.html for the 
# command options description).
#
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#mysql-userdb="host=<host> dbname=<database-name> user=<database-user> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"
 
# Redis database connection string in the case that we are using Redis
# as the user database.
# This database can be used for long-term credential mechanism
# and it can store the secret value for secret-based timed authentication in TURN RESP API. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#redis-userdb="ip=<ip-address> dbname=<database-number> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"
 
# Redis status and statistics database connection string, if used (default - empty, no Redis stats DB used).
# This database keeps allocations status information, and it can be also used for publishing
# and delivering traffic and allocation event notifications.
# The connection string has the same parameters as redis-userdb connection string. 
# Use string format as below (space separated parameters, all optional):
#
#redis-statsdb="ip=<ip-address> dbname=<database-number> password=<database-user-password> port=<port> connect_timeout=<seconds>"
 
# The default realm to be used for the users when no explicit 
# origin/realm relationship was found in the database, or if the TURN
# server is not using any database (just the commands-line settings
# and the userdb file). Must be used with long-term credentials 
# mechanism or with TURN REST API.
#
realm=<coturnDomain>
 
# Total allocation quota.
# default value is 0 (no quota).
# This option can also be set through the database, for a particular realm.
#
total-quota=100
 
#
# Maximum server capacity.
# Total bytes-per-second bandwidth the TURN server is allowed to allocate
# for the sessions, combined (input and output network streams are treated separately).
#
bps-capacity=0
 
# Uncomment if extra security is desired,
# with nonce value having limited lifetime (600 secs).
# By default, the nonce value is unique for a session,
# but it has unlimited lifetime. With this option,
# the nonce lifetime is limited to 600 seconds, after that 
# the client will get 438 error and will have to re-authenticate itself.
#
stale-nonce
 
# Certificate file.
# Use an absolute path or path relative to the 
# configuration file.
#
cert=/etc/letsencrypt/path/cert.pem
 
# Private key file.
# Use an absolute path or path relative to the 
# configuration file.
# Use PEM file format.
#
pkey=/etc/letsencrypt/path/privkey.pem
 
# Allowed OpenSSL cipher list for TLS/DTLS connections.
# Default value is "DEFAULT".
#
#cipher-list="DEFAULT"
cipher-list="ECDH+AESGCM:DH+AESGCM:ECDH+AES256:DH+AES256:ECDH+AES128:DH+AES:ECDH+3DES:DH+3DES:RSA+AES:RSA+3DES:!ADH:!AECDH:!MD5"
 
# Flag that can be used to disallow peers on the loopback addresses (127.x.x.x and ::1).
# This is an extra security measure.
#
no-loopback-peers
 
# Flag that can be used to disallow peers on well-known broadcast addresses (224.0.0.0 and above, and FFXX:*).
# This is an extra security measure.
#
no-multicast-peers

Change these options in janus

/etc/janus/janus.jcfg
nat: {
  stun_server = "<coturnDomain>"
  stun_port = <coturnPort>
  full_trickle = true
  turn_server = "<coturnDomain>"
  turn_port = <coturnPort>
  turn_type = "udp"
  turn_rest_api_key = "<apiKey>"
}

Extend <coturnDomain> vhost file

apache.vhost
<VirtualHost *:443>
    # ...
    # Enable proxying Websocket requests to the standalone signaling server.
    ProxyPass "/standalone-signaling/"  "ws://127.0.0.1:<signalingPort>/"
 
    RewriteEngine On
    # Websocket connections from the clients.
    RewriteRule ^/standalone-signaling/spreed$ - [L]
    # Backend connections from Nextcloud.
    RewriteRule ^/standalone-signaling/api/(.*) http://127.0.0.1:<signalingPort>/api/$1 [L,P]
    # ...
</VirtualHost>

Nextcloud GUI configuration

nextcloud-talk-high-performance-backend.txt · Last modified: 2021/04/23 22:04 by admin